City Wall Picture

The City Wall in Xian is the best preserved, oldest and largest ancient city defense system in China…

The City Wall in Xian is the best preserved, oldest and largest ancient city defense system in China. The original foundation of the Xian City Wall was based on the ruins of the Imperial City Wall of Chang An City--the capital of the Tang Dynasty. Zhu Yuan Zhang, the first emperor of Ming Dynasty started building city walls nationwide after advised by one of his scholars. The city wall of Xian is an extension of the old Tang Dynasty structure, as a result of this wall building campaign. Xian's city wall after its enlargement in the Ming Dynasty stands 12 meters high. It is 12-14 meters across the top, 15-18 meters thick at bottom and 13.7 kilometers in length. The first city wall of Xian was built of earth, rammed layer upon layer. The base layer was made of earth, quick lime, and glutinous rice extract, tempered together. It made the wall extremely strong and firm. Later, the wall was totally enclosed with bricks, which has protected the City Wall from erosion and collapse for a long time…

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